[MUSIC PLAYING] JOEL BROCK: This is a really exciting time for CHESS. Over the next two years, we're going to transform the laboratory-- both the accelerator and the x-ray capabilities that are generated.
Historically, the laboratory was a particle physics laboratory. The accelerator was designed to do colliding beam experiments. So electrons would go this way, positrons go this way. They collide with each other, and then the particle physicists had a large detector and looked at the stuff which came out.
So now we have the opportunity, with the conclusion of particle physics operations, to optimize the accelerator for x-ray production. So to do that, we'll get rid of one of the beams and only have beams going in one direction. And that will allow us to both raise the current so we get more x-rays, but also shrink the size of the beam down to a smaller point so we have a smaller source point-- both of which are highly beneficial for our users.
Over the next 24 months, we have to remove the particle physics detector. We have to replace one sixth of the circumference of the storage ring, replace all the steering magnets, the power supplies. Piece by piece, 20-ton pieces are coming out.
So right as we're speaking today, we're disassembling and removing it. In two or three weeks, the entire thing will be gone. Then we have to reassemble the storage ring so we go back to user operations this fall.
We're literally going to be able to do things you cannot do anywhere else in the world-- problems ranging from looking at the fatigue failure in structural materials. If you want to lightweight your airplane, or if you want to make construction equipment stronger, to plant science, the flow of nutrients through a plant, starting in the roots all way up to the leaves and back down again throughout the lifecycle of the plant. Watching-- literally watching a plant grow.
The thing I'm most excited about is this gives just the real possibility of assuming international leadership position and for hard x-ray science. We've always had the creativity and the new technologies and so on. But, frankly, our source wasn't internationally at the top level.
With this upgrade to [? Caesar, ?] we really hit that-- crossed that threshold, where we now have an internationally competitive source [? as ?] to back up all of our incredible technology, and the opportunity for just to really assert itself and assume that leadership position.
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CHESS Director, Joel Brock, explains how the laboratory is undergoing an upgrade to create a higher energy, higher flux beam for x-ray production. These improvements will be achieved by both reconfiguring one-sixth of the CESR storage ring and upgrading up to 12 independent insertion device hard X-ray beamlines. At the completion of CHESS-U in 2018, CHESS will be the premier synchrotron source in the US for high-energy, high-flux x-ray studies. Music by: Philipp Weigl, Album: Sound-trax, Song: Even when we fall