HELEN WOLFE DUNN: [SPEAKING GERMAN]. I want to memorialize my family-- family Wolfe, family Meitner, family Holitscher, my maternal grandmother Ella Reitler, [? whose ?] family, [INAUDIBLE].
My personal message goes to the youth of Austria, who seem to have the incredible courage to study the history of their country and to take responsibility for atrocities for which they were not responsible. To memorialize all our dead-- deported, starved, murdered-- is clearly essential, for only through our memories can their lives have meaning.
But what is even more important is that today's young people are helped to make the connection between the acts of the past and the ramifications of those acts for the present. Hitler did not happen. He was elected by everyday people. The Nuremberg laws were not fated. No one protested when they were legislated.
What we have all learned from this horrific history is that evil happens in small increments, step by step, while people actually do not notice or are too frightened to want to notice until it is much too late. Holocaust and genocide happens when silence pervades the landscape.
It is easy to stand in judgment of the past. It is much more difficult to look at the present through a moral lens, to stand up and be counted in the face of prejudice and injustice. Today is about commemoration, but it is also, especially for our young people, about being counted. Thank you for having me here to stand up and be counted.
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This video comes from Sam Seltzer '48 and is of his late wife, Helen Wolfe Dunn, when she addressed the Austrian Parliament in 2008 as an invited speaker. Dunn was a Czechoslovakian Jewish child refugee of the Nazi period, and she directed her brief remarks here to Austria's youth.