[MUSIC PLAYING] New York is the second largest producer of apples in the US. We have a very long tradition of growing apples. We have fantastic apples. We have fantastic apple growers. And a lot of these producers are seen cider as a way to add value to their crop. It really shifted in about 2011 in the US. At that time, we were making about 5 million gallons of cider. And in the last seven, eight years, we've seen that increase to over 50 million gallons. So we've seen this tenfold increase in cider production in a very short amount of time.
There are a lot of people trying to figure out what their niche is going to be. How are they going to be competitive in this newly-emerging market place? So what are we doing at Cornell to help this industry grow, to become more stable, to become more sustainable? We're really focused on what are the attributes or things that we can manipulate in either orchards or in storage to increase the quality of the cider that producers are making. We're looking at how crop load management would affect the final output of cider quality.
Susan Brown, who is Cornell's apple breeder, is intentionally making crosses for cider production. Researchers at Cornell are also establishing programs to help foster the growth of the cider industry in New York State. We have a really strong cooperative extension group that is putting together a field days, where we see a lot of cross-collaboration amongst our producers. I think it's going to be about our apples that we grow in New York, and I also think it's going to be about the apples that are being planted now specifically for the cider industry. And I think that's really going to make New York stand out and be unique in the marketplace.
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New York state is the second-largest apple producer in the US. The state also produces more than 5 million gallons of hard cider annually. Cornell researchers are helping apple growers and hard cider producers, including Cornell alumni, meet the demands of a rapidly growing market.